National curriculum geography - extending knowledge about China and India

National curriculum links

  • Locational knowledge of Asia (including China and India)
  • Place knowledge of regions within Asia
  • Human geography – population, development and economic activity
  • Geographical skills and fieldwork - globe, map and atlas knowledge

About these resources

India and China are emerging as global superpowers for the 21st century. China is home to a quarter of the world's population and is likely to overtake the USA as the world's largest economy within the next 40 years. India is the seventh largest country in the world by area, but the second highest by population – and it is set to become the most populous country in the world by the middle of this century. Like China, the Indian economy and its global influence are growing rapidly, as are the challenges associated with running these vast countries.

The new national curriculum for England aims to ensure that all pupils develop 'contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places'. This type of knowledge – taught well – can be enabling as it helps pupils to understand the characteristics of a place or region, the ways in which it is changing, why people might feel attached to it and so on (Keeping up with curriculum change by Alan Kinder, Teaching Geography Summer 2013). Both India and China must feature on any list of globally significant places. The connections these countries enjoy with the UK and their dizzying rate of change and development make them exciting places to include on your Key Stage 3 curriculum.

Teaching about China and India

The ideas and resources below are from lesson 1 of The rise and rise of China: where does China go from here? by Nicole Lyons and Lesson 1 from Introducing India: what are the opportunities and challenges for the future? by Catherine Owen.


Lesson plan: What do we know about China? >>>

This fully resourced lesson includes three activity sheets that can be freely downloaded. It addresses the following key questions:

  • What do we know about China?
  • What are the important characteristics of a country?


Lesson plan: Incredible India >>>

This fully resourced lesson includes two activity sheets that can be freely downloaded. It addresses the following key questions:

  • Where is India?
  • What are the main physical and human characteristics of India?


Further teaching resources for China and India >>>

Links to books, DVDs and other resources about India and China all available from the GA shop. Also links to other resources on the GA website.


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